Being a human is great. It is marvelous when you are living in your life healthy. If there is any disease it may suffer you throughout your life. Actually it would be a curse. It can be physical, mental or socio economic problem. Non communicable diseases (NCDs) are situations which lay down people physically, mentally and socio economically.
NCDs are not transmitted from person to person. There are no infectious agents. Non communicable diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. Those are called as silent killers. They can occur as a result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. The four main types of non-communicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancer, diabetes and chronic kidney diseases. Non communicable diseases are commonly associated with older ages. But all age groups have risk of getting affected by NCDs. However non-communicable diseases shorten one’s life expectancy. Not only those NCDs limit your boundaries and also they extort your happiness from you.
The burden of non-communicable diseases results from past risks. The future burdens will determine by risk factors that is being exposed the current population. Major risk factors of non-communicable diseases are more complex than communicable disease. There are some common set of risk factors cause for the all non-communicable diseases and there is some quantitative differences among regions of the world.
People use to incorporate high proportion of saturated fat and sugar to their daily diets. Most of the times, in males use to add tobacco, alcohol and less physical activity for their life style. It leads the population toward atherosclerosis and the widespread distribution of non-communicable disease. Non communicable disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Populations of developing countries, which undergo significant lifestyle changes as a result of rapid industrialization has high risk of developing non-communicable disease.
When considering about non-communicable disease, obesity plays a major role. As a package, obesity gives rise to a set of NCDs with itself. The etiology of NCD has relationship with both genetic and environmental components. This diseases link with each other. One person can get more than one of these diseases.
High calorie intake and maintenance of a positive energy balance cause high blood sugar, high blood cholesterol level and obesity. High consumption of fast food which contain high amount of sugar, salt and refined wheat flour are the major dietary problems. With the busy life style, people used to accelerate their work. Due to that their first choice is fast foods. Most of the time people used to miss their major meals and satisfy from fast foods. Nevertheless people have to tolerate full of mental stress.
Cardio vascular diseases (CVD) other conditions. Males have research finding says that black white people. High trans-fat for CVD. High trans-fat containing pastries, biscuits and wade. High coconut oil which is used more
affect most of the deaths compared all in higher risk in CVD than femals. As well as people has higher risk in CVD than consumption is the one of major risk factor are deeply fried foods such as rolls, patis, amount of trans fat may contain in the than once.
Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in Insulin secretion, Insulin action or both. Insulin is the hormone that uses to convert glucose in to the glycogen and store in the body. Due to the loss of function of Insulin, blood glucose level may increase than accepted level.
Diabetic prevalence in Sri Lanka is 10.3%. Prevalence of diabetic is higher in urban population compared with rural. In Sri Lanka 1 in 5 adults is diabetic or pre diabetic. Without control, diabetes may be the leading course of each premature illness. Chronic diabetes has risk of heart diseases and stroke. Not only that but also diabetes may cause for kidney diseases, troubles in peripheral nerve system and even blindness conditions.
Limiting sugar intake and wheat flour containing bakery product consumption, engaging structured exercise, increasing consumption of whole grain & whole grain products such as parboiled brown rice, Ata flour, finger millet flour, increasing the consumption of non-starchy vegetables such as beans, cabbage, bitter gourd, green leafy vegetables and fruits such as water melon, guava, banana may save you from this silent killer.
Cancer is the other NCD characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. They are not equal to the normal control mechanism and there are over 200 types of cancers have relieved. Anybody can get cancer. More than 70% of cancer patients are from low and middle income countries
Adaptations for western life style such as cigarette smoking, bad dietary habits and less physical activity level among people are the major course for this problematic condition. Most of the healthy foods are expensive and poor people can’t afford them. So, they use to depend on cheap foods. Brest cancer is the leading cancer type in the Sri Lankan population. Not only above causes but also radiation, chronic infection, family history and sunlight also have some positive effect with cancer developing.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the presence of kidney damage, or decreased the level of kidney function over a period of three months or more. It usually affects both kidneys. At the point wastes cannot be eliminated any more from the body and it may affect other organs is called kidney failure. Early CKD has no symptoms and 90% of your kidney function may loss without any sign. High blood pressures, diabetes, family history of kidney disease, obesity and age (over 50 years) are the major risk factors.
These are the major non-communicable diseases and causes which are widely spread in Sri Lanka. An important way to control NCDs is to focus on reducing the risk factors associated with these diseases. Government also has responsibility to monitoring progress and trends of NCDs and makes important guiding policy and priorities. Government has to spent more money to look after NCD patients per year. Increasing NCD means the increasing barrier for the development of country.
To lessen the impact of NCDs on individuals and society, a comprehensive approach is needed requiring all sectors, including health, finance, transport, education, agriculture, planning and others, to collaborate to reduce the risks associated with NCDs, and promote interventions to prevent and control them.